Diaries from Chile

Pia Zanetti

/ Chile

A brief introduction to the first of six travel companions, my mother Pia Zanetti. A 72 years old professional photographer to whom I owe both, my love for photography and my interest in Latin America. The story began in 1985, when she decided to take me age 14 to the Nicaragua of the Sandinista revolution. Apart from working on her photo stories her role was that of a photography teacher at the news agency ANN Agencia Nueva Nicaragua. I was given a Leica and a 35mm lens and roamed freely the streets of the capital Managua, where I started taking pictures. With the eBike diaries I thought it was now my turn to take my mother on a trip. Pia will be riding along on the second FLYER eBike, from Chile’s capital Santiago to the city of Mendoza in Argentina via San Carlos de Bariloche and will be posting on this blog.

Dolls and Pet bottle shrines

/ Chile

The Difunta Correa shrine
The Pacific Ocean near Navidad (Christmas).

The first strange mountain in Chile came while heading to Mellipilla 50 Km south of Chile’s capital Santiago. A mountain of dolls piling up like mass grave on the roadside, beside a small white chapel. Apparently the sight where a 16-year-old girl died on the day her father gave her a motorbike. Ever since the accident people stop and leave dolls in thanks for the received favors ascribed to the defunct. The second strange mountain appeared on a steep hill slightly hidden behind a slow climbing truck that we were chasing with the FLYER eBikes. At first it looked like a giant PET bottle collecting station with the anomaly that all the bottles were full with water. Then among the bottles she appeared the little statute of the Deceased Correa (in Spanish La Difunta Correa) that according to Wikipedia is: A semi-pagan mythical figures in folk religion, for which a number of people in Argentina and Chile, feel a great devotion. Cattle keepers first, then truck drivers, disseminated the figure of the Difunta, creating small altars in several routes throughout the countries, with images and sculptures of the Deceased. Full water bottles are left as votive offerings, “to calm the deceased Correa’s eternal thirst”. We saw several more Difunta Correa shrines with more mountains of PET bottles before reaching the Pacific Ocean near Navidad (Christmas) by sunset.

Xmas bay to Wolfs Point

/ Chile

José a 74-year-old cattle farmer (that didn’t know who Che Guevara was) was amazed to find my mother pushing an eBike near his ranch.
My eBike comes to an abrupt stop when one of the plastic hooks that stabilizes one of the rear side bags, cuts lose and finds its way between the cut open parts of the break disk, blocking the wheel and crushing the disc.
A surfer girl about to join the line-up at the left point break Punta de Lobos
Punta de Lobos a world famous left point break near the town of Pichilemu.
Cactus covered cliffs surrounding Punta de Lobos

From the Bahia de Navidad the road detaches from the coast to head inland and uphill. Asphalt turns into compacted gravel; a gentle fresh onshore wind blows. Gravel makes for unpleasant and unstable pedalling. We take air out of the tiers to increase the supporting surface, shift into the small gears and press the Turbo mode on our eBikes. The going gets a bit easier but we have to push for sections, when the compacted earth turns into sand. José a 74-year-old cattle farmer (that doesn’t know who Che Guevara was) is amazed to find my mother pushing an eBike near his ranch. Back on asphalt we have a great lunch in Litunche and fill the tiers again at the Copec petrol station. From Lituche we head south then west towards Pichilemu. The head wind is strong, the many bags hanging from the eBikes, lend lots of air drag surface making for a slow advance. My eBike comes to an abrupt stop when one of the plastic hooks that stabilizes one of the rear side bags, cuts lose and finds its way between the cut open parts of the break disk; blocking the wheel and crushing the disc. After repairs we roll into Pichilemu (the town of Chile’s world-renowned big wave surfer and fisherman’s son Ramon Navarro) and head straight to Punta de Lobos or Wolfs Point where Navarro learned how to surf.


/ Chile

The coastal road south
Trapped hare
An aggressive cow gets her horns tips cut
Training Chilean rodeo where two riders try to stop a calf.
A nativity scene on a barge in Constitucion
Rock formation in Constitucion, small altars are kept on it looking outwards to the sea

I never paid much attention to road surfaces. Now that I have been entrusted a FLYER eBike and sit on it for the better part of my days; road surfaces have acquired a totally different meaning. They can have the same effects on the soul as landscapes. You can get cheered by them infinitely or thrown into a state of despair. It’s a matter of smoothness. On one occasion in a flat river valley surrounded by pine forests and poplars lining the road on both sides, the smoothness of the recently laid concrete surface was so perfect, that the ground disappeared. The effortless advance in a windless channel had a wonderful levitating quality to it. But this dream state has been the exception. In general toll free roads have much older rougher surfaces full of friction and are heavily deformed. Big lorries loaded with wood that speed us passed (on their way to one of the many wood chip processing plants) extract a toll on the road surface and on our nerves. There are bumps, cracks, repair patches, wholes, stones, speed breakers, laying policeman. When a truck speeds by it causes a shock, first the noise blast then the air mass pushes you aside and forward. For a moment you pick up considerable speed no matter how slow the surface you’re riding on, the difference between your actual speed and the speed increase can make you feel weightless for a split second.

Five Pictures

/ Chile

Wood on wheels. Two landscape-defining constants never abandon you while travelling trough southern Chile. The Eucalyptus and pine tree plantations make the landscape, so much so that they seem to displace agriculture. The other constant, the thousands of trucks loaded with the wood trunks speeding to one of the many pulpwood-processing plants, most of the wood is used for paper making apparently.
Bahía Las Cañas. People fishing and a pulpwood processing factory in the background.
From Alaska to Argentina. We met 25 year old Riley Engemoen with a flat tier on the highway between Los Angeles (where Che Guevara and Alberto Granado sleep at the Firefighter station and save a cat from a burning building) and Mulchén. Riley from Wimberley Texas is a film maker and has started traveling with four friends in Alaska almost two years ago. Asked if they had run into trouble during their travels, he mentioned that he was robbed in Colombia and that one of them was shot at in Peru on the costal highway. His travel blog is pedalsouth.org
Roadside cemetery. When someone dies in a road accident, they often get a roadside chapel with a cross and a remembrance plaque. It’s obviously a common accepted practice. Sometimes it seems entire families have been wiped out by an accident as groups of crosses stand beside one another. I wonder what happens if one day a government decides to widen a road? How will they deal with all the remembrance chapels? Will they move them destroy them? Will there be a commission dealing with the problem?
The past a strange country. I have tried to engage a few Chileans in discussions about their recent past about the time when democracy was interrupted. Most people steered away from a discussion; a few mentioned that during the Pinochet regime the country had a lower crime rate. Being a Chilean I’d probably steer away myself from a passing foreigner asking questions about the past. I knew this reaction from previous trips to Chile, but I made another halfhearted attempt with friendly Eliana, a cook that bakes delicious empanadas. Asked about why people in Chile seem reluctant to talk about the past, she said that people like her from the countryside are shy. But then it got more personal. Eliana said that she was only going to tell me one thing about her past in the hope that I would understand. She mentioned that her wedding party in 1977 was crashed by the police accusing her husband a socialist of being a communist, and that throughout the Pinochet regime they had to get used to being harassed for having a different opinion. That should be enough for me to understand why in her case she didn’t like to talk about the past.

“Nacion Territorio Mapuche”

/ Chile

The snow peak of the volcano Llaima.
My mother Pia adjusting her Kurdish headscarf on the road from Pino Achado to Las Lajas
A group of Araucarias in the Alto Bio Bio
The highway from the Pino Achado to Las Lajas
A Gaucho with his herd of cattle
An amphitheatre worthy of Ansel Adams’s lens, made us happy beyond description.
The fruit of the Araucaria tree sacred to the indigenous Mapuche and Pehuenches. From its seeds many dishes are prepared from soups to a mildly alcoholic beverage called Chicha de piñón.

From the town of Victoria we head towards Curacantin where we plan to spend New Years Eve, before tackling the Paso del Pino Achado leading to Argentina. The regions volcanoes, the Llaima, Tolhuaca and Lonquimay flashing us with their white peaks from behind giant poplars lining the street. A poster nailed on a big tree announces in red paint: “Nacion Territorio Mapuche”. At a café in a hamlet, an elderly white lady warns us. The region is dangerous, we are advised to look out for old clunky speeding pick-up trucks: “They belong to the drunken Mapuche Indians the terror of the road”. At a bus stop where we change the eBike’s batteries we talk to an indigenous lady. There is a land conflict we’re told that is as old as the Spanish conquest and there is no end in sight. First the Mapuche fought successfully against the advance of the Spanish conquistadores, and Lautaro one of their leaders even killed the chief Spaniard Pedro de Valdivia. Later by the end of the 19th century, long after Chile won independence from Spain, the army of the republic conquered the lands of the Mapuche militarily. Chile’s government then began to advertise it to potential settlers in Europe. There was talk of a Garden of Eden, of the place of milk and honey. Desperate people responded from Switzerland, Italy, Holland, Germany, France the Lebanon etc...They all settled on some piece of former Mapuche land. Today Mapuche communities are trying to get their ancestral land back. They try this trough legal means as well as by occupying land, blocking roads and the burning trucks to pressure the government. “I don’t like violence even if I have Mapuche blood, I believe things should be achieved with dignity,” the beautiful proud lady says before leaving on the bus.

In Curacantin a hostel bed with a view on the snow peak of the volcano Llaima, we gaze at it and drink red wine till the sun disappears around 09.30 PM. The New Year is announced by the sound of a 3 minute long alarm siren, no fireworks no music no party noise from the street. Its past midnight first of January 2016 Curacantin sleeps we do the same.

From Curacantin to Lonquimay, a former railway tunnel connects the towns; build in the 1930ties as part of a line that was supposed to connect Chile and Argentina. The railway line never made it to Argentina but opened the area of the alto Bio Bio to a massive logging operation, the result of which are the many treeless hills, surrounding the valley. The road climbs along the Bio Bio River that we first saw wide in Concepcion, the air is fresh smelling of the many blossoming flowers growing on the side of the road. A bus stop with the sign Suiza-Andina advertising a restaurant. The tunnel allows traffic in one direction only; we accommodate in the waiting line behind ten cars and two tractors. The light turns green the column starts, just before entering the 4km tunnel, a man runs out from the tunnel checkpoint building waving his arms and screaming at us. It turns out as cyclist we’re not allowed to go trough. We have two options, the first one crossing over the mountain range, the second one putting our ebikes on a pickup truck. Luckily the second option materialised soon after, thanks to a friendly couple that gave us and our FLYERS a lift trough the Tunel Las Raices to other side, where a valley opens widely.

From Lonquimay to the Paso del Pino Achado, we have to climb about 1000 meters. Passed the Chilean border post there are another 20km to reach the Argentinean checkpoint. The number of Araucarias trees steadily augments as we pedal up into the Alto Bio Bio, an area where indigenous communities have for years fiercely opposed the construction of a series of dams to generate hydropower with successes and defeats, more information here: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_hidroeléctrica_Ralco. The line of cars waiting to be processed by customs at Paso del Pino Achado or the Pass of the axed pine must be around 80. With our bicycles the friendly families waiting patiently beside their cars wave us trough, some clapping as you would a cyclist sprinting towards the finishing line.

The first two border agents are young and friendly both from the Chaco region and new to the Andes. They check our passports and we talk about our bicycles and the beauty of the Araucaria trees and the fact that the Mapuche and other indigenous peoples of the region used to live of their seeds and make a mildly alcoholic beverage called chicha de piñón. The younger of the border agents tells that he has planted two Araucarias at home in the dry Chaco near Paraguay, and that they are growing 1 cm per year. With our passports back in our pockets we happily pedal besides the enormous queue of people going inside border complex, heading towards a last barrier with what we thought would be a last border agent. Looking at our passports first then back at us the agent says that well…we also needed to go trough immigration and customs before being allowed to enter the country. The feeling of having just won the gold medal and losing it ten minutes later began to sink in. On the end it took us three ours to get out of the Pino Achado border complex building, a tiring but interesting experience. We discussed with our fellow travellers that patiently waited their turn in the queue an array of topics. From inflation to corruption to our eBikes. After overhearing the discussion I was having with a young Argentinean on the eBike’s advantages, a Chilean man half jokingly accused us of being agentes infiltrados (undercover agents) of some obscure ecological organisation trying to change the world order. Finally facing the customs agent we were only asked if we had anything to declare we said yes two eBikes he replied anything to declare for Argentina? No seemed the right answer and we left.

The feeling of being released from the grip of the customs and immigration officials, together with the approaching sunset while cycling downhill facing an amphitheatre worthy of an Ansel Adams’s lens, made us happy beyond description. We sped all the way down to the town of Las Lajas on the highway to heaven so to speak, photographing landscapes, Gauchos, horses, Araucarias, snow mountains, rivers, flowers, birds….