A sandwich place in Havana. Following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1990, Cuba was plunged into an economic crisis called the “periodo especial” (special period) characterized by an intense lack of food, fuel, fertilizer, chemicals, spare parts and other industrial and agricultural inputs. During the special period, average caloric, protein and vitamin intake dropped by 30%. By necessity, Cubans made use of the available resources and created urban gardens to prevent starvation.

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